Incontinence Biofeedback and How It Works

Using light or sound, biofeedback trains a person to know when they are engaging or relaxing the proper set of muscles. One of the more common places that this training is used is to teach a person how to isolate their pelvic floor muscles. Some people can identify these muscles without any problem, while others cannot identify them despite their best efforts. To help the latter group find the muscles of the pelvic floor, so that they can perform Kegel exercises properly, a technique like biofeedback may be employed.

Learning to feel the muscles of the pelvic floor using biofeedback helps ensure that these muscles are being properly flexed during Kegel exercises. Having viable pelvic floor muscles is essential to support internal organs, which helps keep the bladder healthy and functioning well. Biofeedback is performed with a therapist, and they use sound and graphs to ensure that the proper muscles are firing along the pelvic floor. Being proficient in flexing these muscles is one of the best ways to maintain or improve continence.

This process is not at all uncomfortable or painful. Since pelvic floor muscles are most close to the surface near the anus, this is where sensors are placed to measure contractions. Another set of sensors are places along the abdomen, because some people mistakenly flex the muscles of the lower abdomen instead of the pelvic floor muscles. The therapist will be able to tell when the right and when the wrong muscle groups are being engaged. The person doing the Kegel exercises will also get feedback with lights or sound letting them know when they are performing the exercises correctly. So between the graph reading and the lights it is very clear when the right muscles are engaged. For most people, it only takes a few biofeedback sessions for them to identify and feel the different muscle groups and perform their Kegel exercises like a pro.

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