Causes of Overflow Incontinence

When the bladder is stretched well beyond its top capacity, urine begins to overflow the bladder muscle and leakage, or incontinence, occurs. Quite often overflow incontinence presents in steady urine leakage. This condition can be caused by a couple of things. First, it can be caused by something physically blocking the urinary tract. The second cause for overflow incontinence occurs when the bladder muscle is too weak to properly contract, so the bladder does not empty when the person goes to the bathroom. Both of these conditions cause the bladder to overfill, and the added pressure on the bladder results in an uncontrolled and constant dribble of urine.

In older men this condition frequently occurs as a result of an enlarged prostate gland. As the gland enlarges it puts pressure on the urethra, which in effect pinches off the normal flow of urine. As the opening of the bladder neck narrows, urine is backed up into the bladder causing it to overfill. After prostate surgery, a narrowing of the bladder neck can occur, and it results in this type of incontinence too. Tiny stones in the urinary tract can also be a contributing factor for overflow incontinence, and this condition affects both men and women. There are also many different conditions, like diabetes or Multiple Sclerosis, that interrupt the signals from the brain to the nerves that control the bladder muscle leading to overflow incontinence.

Another culprit for overflow incontinence is constipation, because an overly filled rectum presses on the neck of the bladder constricting it and causing the symptoms of overflow incontinence. Fortunately, by eating more fiber and increasing your fluid intake, you certainly have an excellent chance of sidestepping any issues with constipation, including overflow incontinence.

There are also certain medications that can have the effect of paralyzing the bladder muscle, which can lead to problems with overflow incontinence. So if you are having problems with overflow incontinence, talk to your doctor, and he or she can help you to find the root cause of your incontinence problem, and then you can work together to find a solution for any challenges that you are having with incontinence.

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